Ian Blackburn


I believe that this passage shows the caution in which the town sees the Radley’s they are seen as “alien” as they do not take part in most of the town traditions like the rest of the town. In school we see how far this caution is maintained people thought that “Radley pecans would kill you.” This shows that people would go so far that they wouldn’t accept pecans from that tree in their garden.

People didn’t just not eat Radley pecans they blamed the Radley’s for any petty crimes which were unsolved. This shows that the Radley’s are a bit of a scape goat (they aren’t the only scape goats in this book.). Even when they found out who committed the crimes people were “unwilling to discard their initial suspicions.” The Radley’s were frowned upon by the community their were many suspicions of them without any evidence. “People said he went out at night when the moon was down, and peeped in windows.” This is an accusation which has no evidence but is widely believed by the whole community. earlier on in this passage it foreshadowed by saying that dill is brought to the radley front door like the moon brings water. This shows Hippocratic as it isn’t bad for dill to peek on boo radley but not of boo radley to do the same.

All of the preconceptions about boo show him as a mocking bird as he has to fit the preconsived ideas about him as he is not normal. mocking birds mimic the calls of other birds this show how boo has to mimic his place in society even though he is a normal person. this shows the binary view maycomb has

gulf war “wars for oil.”

many people through that the gulf war was a war about oil they thought this because some of the biggest oil producing country’s  in the world where involved. the country’s involved in the conflict made around 50 percent of the worlds oil. because the us were the biggest super power in the world they thought that they could sort out the problems in the gulf this did not go as expected.

the first Persian gulf war 1990-1991

this happen just after the cold war. in the summer of 1990 Iraq lead by Saddam Hussein armed with the worlds sixth largest military invaded Kuwait from multiple reasons.

they were in debt so they thought that Kuwait oil could solve their problems.

they also thought that Kuwait were taking their oil.

they also thought that Kuwait were flooding the market with cheap oil to stop Iraq from get richer.

the us being the biggest superpower had to respond. led by president bush america assembled a coalition of nations from around the world to defend Saudi Arabia from Iraqi militants.the UN decide to make a trade embargo to make Iraq leave they did not so the UN unforced desert shied where they armed missiles then desert storm which would bomb Iraq for several months.this cause Iraq the become disarmed and had it oil sails limited however sadam stayed in power .


operation desert sheild

When the Iraq troops did not leave Kuwait they decided to send troops in to the Persian gulf area. from 7th august 1990, the Us started sending more and more troops and resources into the PGA in order to enforce the UN’s declaration.

on 8th of august president bush made a public statement in which he tried to explain his policy towards the invasion in an attempt to win support.


Operation Desert Storm


As Iraqi troops did not withdraw on the 15th January, the US led Operation Desert Storm, whereby on the 17th January they started retaliating against the Iraqi invaders. Led by Schwarzkopf, Desert Storm was a series of air strikes supported by naval action.

Israel responded by sending scud missiles to Israel hoping that Israel would retaliate and lead other Arab countries into the war, but the US persuaded them not to intervene. The US then used their own missiles to intercept the missiles sent by Iraq.

The UN coalition soon had dominance in the skies and in the seas. They entered Kuwait on the 24th February 1991, and four days later had driven the Iraqi’s out of Kuwait and on the 28th, a ceasefire was declared.

key points

Sudan hussian stays in power

destruction of all chemical and biological weapons

permission of UN to asses that other points had been obeyed.

why did sadam Hussein order his army to invade Kuwait. he belived that Kuwait were holding down oil prices and were trying to steal their oil.to solve debts

when Gorbachev found out that saddam Hussein invaded he stopped all trade with sadam within hours and talked to the UN and USA about a security council resolution demanding Iraq immediate withdrawal.

bushes new world order was an odre in which the world s leading powers worked together to try and prevent aggression and to enforce law international.

he sent troops in because

The USA in post cold war world

1991 yeltsin

1999 Putin

in 1991 america felt like they were the only super power left in the world this was because the USSR had disbanded in to much poorer countries. the only country’s that could compete with them didn’t want to. China and the Europe were the only places rich enough to become super powers but they focused on having good economies.

Americas possible aim of the USA during the 1990s

to work with European allies to create a peaceful democratic Europe.

to act as the worlds police force by protecting underdeveloped country’s against agression

to take the lead in technological development.

to advance human wrights through out the world

to secure us economic and trade interests.

to promote stability in the middle east.

1999 us carried out a international survey on their influence

83 percent thought that America had a positive influence through out the world in Britain.

37 percent thought that America had positive influence through out the world in Russia.

1990 the transatlantic declaration  to safeguard peace to work together to combat terrorism.work together to make eastern Europe more stable.

1995 the new transatlantic agenda

aims corporate to world peace, respond to global challenge of terrorism expand world trade.


the un responded immediately to the invasion by passing resolution 660 on2 august this condemned the action of iraq demanded an immediate withdrawal of Iraqi troops and that Iraq and Kuwait solve their differences by negotiation on 6 august the un security council imposed a global trade embargo on iraq  as they had not withdrawn from Kuwait this was followed by an ultimatum issued on 29 November un resolution 678 which threatened military action against iraq if they did not withdraw from Kuwait by January 1991

ronald reagan: the cold war reaches new levels.

ronald reagan was a very right wing leader.

reagan wasn’t the best politically informed, he was also very hostile to the USSR because of his opposite ideology.  He though that nuclear weapons were not enough an tht they need to be always ahead of the USSR because he didn’t belive in mutual assured destruction. he though that they needed something extra.ronald reagan had no plans to resume  detant as he though that you should see the arms race as a giant misunderstanding because the though in black and white terms like the usa were good and the ussr where bad.


strategic defence initative


list conserns of ronld

the Cuban missile crisis

the usa where the clear winners of the the arms races. The Americans had more than the ussr in nuclear tech as they had many more nuclear weapons they also had a way of launching their missiles which the ussr had not, but they were afraid of the USSR’s space technology as they had launch the first animals in space they also had the first robot on the moon. people said that the us was sleeping under a red moon.

but the USSR were not wealthy enough to produced the same amount of missiles kruchicheve said that producing missile like they were sausages this was an empty boast.


the USA reconises that castro is the new leader


castro had started to side with communism the communist gave Cuba weapons like the Truman doctrine and Marshall plan.

castro took over some of the usas businesses and all of the sugar farms.

investigating ways to overthrow Castro

damaging Cubans crop disrupt Cuban economy

stop trading oils with them and many other substances.

the us cut them self off from cuba


Castro did this to become a more firm leader, he wanted to do what the people wanted as well he put the sugar money into education and helped the poor this worked as his brother is in power to this day

they bay of pigs was an invasion from the usa  the exciles where the attackers the invasion failed all of the 1400 exiles were kill or captured within days. the exiles were poorly trained.

ICBM the inter Continental ballistic missile



The Crucible

The first act of any book is the most important. If you can’t cement the characters in the reader’s mind thoroughly then your story will be disjointed and lacking clarity. I believe that Arthur Miller does a good job of this as he explains each and every character with lots of detail, something not many play-writes do as well as him.

The main characters in the first act I think are Betty, John proctor, Abigail and Paris. These character are ether physically or mentally attracted to Betty’s situation. Betty is in a coma like state and her father the reverend of the dull town Salem is doing everything in his power to help his girl, and save the Parish.

This incident is very important to Paris, This is his parish and if he can’t keep witches and devils out of his home then how will he keep them from his town. Parris ideas are shown well in the first act, he believes “there is a faction that is sworn to drive me from my pulpit.”this idea is what drives his decision and the actions he takes.

Abigail shows that she is not all that she seems clearly in the first act, at first when speaking to pairs she shows her self to be a frighten girl. when talking to mercy she show a different character with more control. she shows a third face when talking to John proctor, she shows love and lust for John. the different side’s of Abigail shows that she is a more complex character that she originally seems.

John proctor is well described by Arthur miller. “he is a sinner” describes him very well through out the first act his mischievous going are exposed to the audience.he not only has had a sexual relationship with a minor but he wants to become the reverend of the parish.

In act 2 it doesn’t just deepen the story it gives characters motives and explores salem a bit more that the frist act witch takes place solely in bettys room.

John proctors character is starting to develop into a protagonist, the second act gives him a role and a task to fulfill. This I believe begins to show him as the main character. You can also see the inner battle about to surface, as he has to deal with his thoughts to do what is right by his moral compass.His relationship with his wife I believe symbolises his inner battle as they show many emotions within the second act which could be similar to what john is feeling inside.”I do not judge you. The magistrate sits in your heart that judges you. I never thought you but a good man,” thisb thisb Elizabeth’s opinion of john I believe it also is similar to his on him delf. He wants to be a good man and live up to his views of him self. But he judges him self harshly, although he says that his wife need to learn charity, I believe that he would help himself if he did also. Artur miller does this to create a small amount of sympathy for john.



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